In the past, the Serbian language, previously called Serbo-Croatian, used to be the official language of Yugoslavia until 1992. Serbian is basically just another name for the dialect that was used in Serbia. Standard Serbian stems from a Serbo-Croatian Shtokavian dialect, which is divided into Eastern – Ekavian and Western – Ijekavian dialects. Ekavian is only spoken in Serbia, while Ijekavian is spoken in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and the Western part of Serbia.
Serbian is an Indo-European language and belongs to the South Slavic language family. The oldest literary texts in Serbian date back to the Middle Ages. The preserved texts include the Serbian Alexandride, an epic tale about the life of Alexander the Great, and a translation of Tristan and Iseult.